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宾语从句练习
更新:2010-10-03 21:01 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

Ⅰ. 单项选择:
( ) 1. Could you tell me     you were born, Betty?
A. who B. what C. when D. that
( ) 2. The students want to know    they    an exam tomorrow.
A. whether; had B. whether; has
C. if; will have D. if; had
( ) 3. The teacher told me the earth    around the sun.
A. moves B. moved
C. will move D. is moving
( ) 4. —Oh, I can’t decide    of the three books I should buy.
—I think you should buy this one, The Wonderful Adventures of Nils.
A. that B. which C. whose D. what
( ) 5. Do you know    at this time yesterday?  
A. what is she doing B. what she is doing
   C. what was she doing D. what she was doing
Ⅱ. 将下面句子改为含有宾语从句的复合句:
1. Wang Hai didn’t go mountain biking yesterday afternoon. He told me the reason.
______________________________________________________
2. Who invented the first car? I don’t know this.
______________________________________________________
3. How soon will the bridge be finished? I really don’t know it.
______________________________________________________
4. Would her coat be ready the next day? She wanted to know that.
______________________________________________________
5. Whose shirt is it? Do you know?
______________________________________________________
【小结】
一、 宾语从句的连接词
1. 宾语从句为陈述句时,用that引导,that无实际意义,常省略。
2. 宾语从句为一般疑问句时,用if或whether引导。
3. 宾语从句为特殊疑问句时,用原来的疑问词来引导。
二、 宾语从句的语序
1. 总的来说,无论原句是陈述句还是疑问句,宾语从句都应用陈述语序。
2. 连接词在从句中作主语时,其语序为:连接词+谓语+其他。
三、 宾语从句的时态
1. 如主句的谓语动词是一般现在时,从句的谓语动词可根据需要选用相应的时态类型。
2. 当主句谓语动词是过去时,宾语从句也要用相应的过去时态。
3. 如果宾语从句所表示的是客观事实、普遍真理或自然现象等,不管主句是什么时态,从句的时态一般都用现在时态。



Key:
Ⅰ . 1-5 CCABD
Ⅱ . 1. Wang Hai told me why he didn’t go mountain biking yesterday afternoon.
2. I don’t know who invented the fi rst car.
3. I really don’t know how soon the bridge will be finished.
4. She wanted to know if / whether her coat would be ready the next day.
5. Do you know whose shirt it is?
 

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