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英语否定句中的非否定现象
更新:2010-08-30 20:26 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

 有些英语句子不可“貌相”(望文生义),它们明明看起来是否定形式,有时却可以表示肯定的意义,甚至表示非常强烈的肯定意义。由此,语言的神奇妙用被体现得淋漓尽致。本文对这一有趣的语言现象进行了归纳总结,以期能给英语学习者带来一点新意扑面,趣在其中之感。

1. can / could not … too 表示“无论怎样也不过分”。例如:

You cannot be too careful when crossing the street. 穿越马路时,再怎么小心也不为过。

You can never be too careful in performing an experiment. 做实验越仔细越好。

2. can / could not be + enough 意为“无论怎么都不够”,表示强烈的肯定。例如:

I cannot thank you enough. 我对你感激不尽。

You can't be careful enough. 你越小心越好。

3. too … not to 表示“太……不会不……”,具有肯定意义。例如:

He is too careful not to have noticed it.

他那么小心,一定会注意到这一点的。

4. never too … to 是对 too … to 的再否定,表示肯定。例如:

It's never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。

5. not … for nothing 中, not 用来否定 for nothing ,从而加强了谓语的肯定意义。例如:

He didn't study law for nothing. 他学法律并没有白费。

Believe me, he did not fly into such a rage for nothing.

请相信我,他勃然大怒是有原因的。

6. nothing if not 表示“极其”,含强烈的肯定意义。例如:

He was nothing if not clever. 他很聪明。

The story was nothing if not interesting. 故事极其有趣。

7. nothing less than 表示“完全是”,有肯定的含义。例如:

What he said was nothing less than a lie. 他说的纯属谎言。

His negligence was nothing less than criminal.

他的粗心大意无异于犯罪。

8. nothing but 表示“只有;只不过”,含肯定意义。例如:

We could see nothing but water. 我们只看见一大片水。

She does nothing but listen to records.

她除了听唱片什么也不做。

9. no 的否定意义很强,和具有否定意义的名词连用,来表示强烈的肯定。例如:

She is no fool. (She is very clever.) 她绝不是傻瓜。

There is no question that Mr. Smith is the boss.

毫无疑问,史密斯先生就是老板。

10. 双重否定表示强烈的肯定。例如:

Nobody had nothing to eat. = Everyone has something to eat. 每个人都有吃的。

11. not … until/till 表示“直到……才”,具有肯定的意义。例如:

She didn't stop working until it was 12 o'clock last night.

昨晚 12 点以前,她一直在不停地工作。

12. “否定词 + so + adj. /adv. + as ”结构从反面表示“最”,是一种强烈的肯定。例如:

It wasn't so bad as last time! 这次不像上次那么坏!

None is so blind as those who won't see.

没有比视而不见的人更瞎眼的了。

13. 有些带否定词的短语,在使用时并不构成否定意义,即表示肯定意义。例如:

He would go as soon as not. 他非常乐意去。

As often as not the buses are late on foggy days.

遇多雾天气时,公共汽车经常晚点。

14. 否定的感叹句、疑问句常表示肯定意义。例如:

Isn't this film interesting? 这电影难道没趣吗?

Who doesn't enjoy reading The Dream of the Red Mansion?

谁不喜欢看《红楼梦》呢?(人人都喜欢看《红楼梦》。)

15. 以 why don't you do 和 why not do 开头的疑问句往往表示邀请、建议、指导等,具有肯定意义。例如:

Why don't you introduce her to your parents?

你为什么不介绍她给你父母认识?

Why not come and see me tomorrow?

明天找我怎么样?

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