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宾语从句例句
更新:2010-08-15 22:54 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

 【热身训练】

一、单项选择。

1. — Did Mr White tell you ______?

— Yes. He said he went there in 2003.

A. where he spent his holidays

B. why did he visit Kunming

C. when he travelled to Tibet

D. how he goes to Wuhan

2. The teacher asked the students ______.

A. if they were interested in singing

B. when was Albert Einstein born

C. what will they do next

D. how many trees have they planted

3. — I don’t think Ann will come today, ______ she?

— ______. She is ill and stays at home.

A. doesn’t; No         B. won’t; Yes

C. does; Yes           D. will; No

二、将下面的句子合并成为含有宾语从句的复合句。

4. These flowers are from Guangdong. He knows.

____________________________________

5. Who cleaned the table? Please find out.

____________________________________

6. Can they speak French? I want to know.

____________________________________

7. Why is the train late? Can you tell me?

____________________________________

 

【融会贯通】

在复合句中作宾语的句子叫做宾语从句。在实际运用中,要注意以下几个方面:

A. 引导词——that; if / whether; 疑问词(who, when, how…)要分清这三类引导词的含义,恰当使用。

如:

He tells me that his sister came back yesterday. 他告诉我他妹妹昨天来了。

I wonder if / whether you can help me. 我想知道你是否能帮我。

Do you know what they worried about? 你知道他们担心什么吗?

B. 时态

主句为一般现在时态或祈使句时,从句可以根据意义需要任意选择一种时态。主句为过去时态,从句也要相应地选用过去的某种时态。如:

I hear that Lucy goes to school by bike every day. 我听说露西每天骑自行车上学。

He said he would go to the park the next day. 他说他第二天会去公园。

C. 语序

在含有宾语从句的复合句中,不管宾语从句由哪种句式转变而来,从句都必须采用陈述语序,即引导词+主语+谓语(+其他)”结构。如:

We don’t know where he lives. (不能改为where does he live)

我们不知道他住在哪儿。

Can you tell me if / whether they have visited the Great Wall? (不能改为if / whether have they visited) 你能告诉我他们是否已经参观了长城吗?

D. 否定转移

如果主句中有thinkbelieve等词时,若宾语从句的谓语是否定的,一般要将否定词not转移到主句的谓语上,而将宾语从句变为肯定形式。如:

I don’t think you can do it well. 我认为你做不好。

E. 反意疑问

要将含有宾语从句的复合句变成反意疑问句时,疑问部分通常由主句来决定,但当主句中含有I (don’t) think, believe 等时,疑问部分则需由从句来决定,不过应注意否定转移的情况。如:

He doesn’t know where I live, does he? (由主句来决定)

他不知道我住哪儿,是吗?

I don’t think he is right, is he? (由从句来决定,且应考虑否定转移的问题)

我认为他不对,是吧?

 

Key

1-3 CAD

4. He knows that these fl owers are from Guangdong.

5. Please fi nd out who cleaned the table.

6. I want to know if / whether they can speak French.

7. Can you tell me why the train is late?

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