本课您将学到：dish和plate有什么不同，句型be safe to guess…（……是很可能的）
When one mentions Italian cooking to most foreigners they almost automatically（自动地） think of pizza and spaghetti（意大利面）. This is a sad oversimplification（过渡单纯化的事物）, because Italian cooking is as diversified（变化多样的） as it is delicious.
The centuries during which Italy was a collection of separate kingdoms, duchies（公爵领地）, and republics（共和国） has given the modern Italians a cuisine（菜肴） with as many subtle（不可思议的） variations（变化） as their language. Pizza, for example, is a south Italian regional（地区的） dish that was once served because it combined（结合） all the virtues（优点） a thrifty（节俭的） cook looks for - it was inexpensive, simple to make, nourishing（有营养的）, and tasty（可口的）.
The popularity（流行） of pizza as a meal or a snack in America is probably greater than in Italy where it is safe to guess that many people have never even tasted one of their best-known exports.（输出品）
如果有人对外国人提起意大利烹饪，（When one mentions Italian cooking to most foreigners）大部分人总是想到意大利馅饼和意大利细面条。（they almost automatically think of pizza and spaghetti）这是一种可悲的过分简单的想法，（This is a sad oversimplification）因为意大利饭菜不仅美味可口，而且丰富多彩。（because Italian cooking is as diversified as it is delicious）
几个世纪以来，（The centuries during）意大利经历了独立的王国、公爵领地以及共和国等许多时期，（which Italy was a collection of separate kingdoms, duchies, and republics）这使得当代意大利人的食谱犹如他们的语言一样绚丽多姿。（has given the modern Italians a cuisine with as many subtle variations as their language）例如，馅饼（Pizza）是意大利南部的一种地方食品，（is a south Italian regional dish）它集中了勤俭厨师所追求的一切优点（that was once served because it combined all the virtues a thrifty cook looks for）——价格不贵，制作方便，营养丰富，而且美味可口。（it was inexpensive, simple to make, nourishing, and tasty）
dish在这里指的是“一盘菜”，那么，我最喜欢的菜就可以说是my favorite dish，造个句子，“我最喜欢煎鸡蛋。”就可以这样说：
Fried eggs are my favorite dish.
另外，dish也指盛菜的盘子，用英文来解释就是a flat round container with not very high sides, from which food is served on the table，因为dish有个不太高的边沿，所以要表达某样东西放在dish“里”，要说in the dish，举个例子：
Mary put the peaches in a white dish.
还有一个词，也经常被用来表示盘子，就是plate.它是什么样的呢？我们来看看英文的解释。A flat and usually round dish that you eat from or serve food from，也就是说plate是没有边沿的，所以东西放在plate“上”，我们要说on the plate，举个例子：