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基础英语天天学(八十二)
更新:2018-10-09 12:03 作者:davad 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

本课您将学到:dish和plate有什么不同,句型be safe to guess…(……是很可能的)

  When one mentions Italian cooking to most foreigners they almost automatically(自动地) think of pizza and spaghetti(意大利面). This is a sad oversimplification(过渡单纯化的事物), because Italian cooking is as diversified(变化多样的) as it is delicious.

  The centuries during which Italy was a collection of separate kingdoms, duchies(公爵领地), and republics(共和国) has given the modern Italians a cuisine(菜肴) with as many subtle(不可思议的) variations(变化) as their language. Pizza, for example, is a south Italian regional(地区的) dish that was once served because it combined(结合) all the virtues(优点) a thrifty(节俭的) cook looks for - it was inexpensive, simple to make, nourishing(有营养的), and tasty(可口的).

  The popularity(流行) of pizza as a meal or a snack in America is probably greater than in Italy where it is safe to guess that many people have never even tasted one of their best-known exports.(输出品)

  「读书笔记」

  如果有人对外国人提起意大利烹饪,(When one mentions Italian cooking to most foreigners)大部分人总是想到意大利馅饼和意大利细面条。(they almost automatically think of pizza and spaghetti)这是一种可悲的过分简单的想法,(This is a sad oversimplification)因为意大利饭菜不仅美味可口,而且丰富多彩。(because Italian cooking is as diversified as it is delicious)

  几个世纪以来,(The centuries during)意大利经历了独立的王国、公爵领地以及共和国等许多时期,(which Italy was a collection of separate kingdoms, duchies, and republics)这使得当代意大利人的食谱犹如他们的语言一样绚丽多姿。(has given the modern Italians a cuisine with as many subtle variations as their language)例如,馅饼(Pizza)是意大利南部的一种地方食品,(is a south Italian regional dish)它集中了勤俭厨师所追求的一切优点(that was once served because it combined all the virtues a thrifty cook looks for)——价格不贵,制作方便,营养丰富,而且美味可口。(it was inexpensive, simple to make, nourishing, and tasty)

  dish在这里指的是“一盘菜”,那么,我最喜欢的菜就可以说是my favorite dish,造个句子,“我最喜欢煎鸡蛋。”就可以这样说:

  Fried eggs are my favorite dish.

  (大家都喜欢什么菜呢?不妨跟着说说看。)

  另外,dish也指盛菜的盘子,用英文来解释就是a flat round container with not very high sides, from which food is served on the table,因为dish有个不太高的边沿,所以要表达某样东西放在dish“里”,要说in the dish,举个例子:

  Mary put the peaches in a white dish.
  玛丽将桃子装在一个白盘子里。

  还有一个词,也经常被用来表示盘子,就是plate.它是什么样的呢?我们来看看英文的解释。A flat and usually round dish that you eat from or serve food from,也就是说plate是没有边沿的,所以东西放在plate“上”,我们要说on the plate,举个例子:

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