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新概念英语语法之:提高英语的17个小妙招
更新:2017-07-11 19:08 作者:明月 来源:未知 点击:1 次  
提高英语水平,意味着你要从说、写和听三个方面入手,但是这并没有想象中的艰难。接下来请读这篇文章并从中体会到学习英语的方法。
Improving Spoken English
提高口语表达
Spoken English is fun because it allows you to communicate directly with other English speakers. It is also challenging! English pronunciation is very different from other languages, plus there are many words pronounced in a unique way! So how do you improve then?
英语口语非常有趣,因为你能使用它直接和其他人交流。这也是一个挑战!跟其它语言相比,英语发音非常不同。甚至还有许多单词的发音很独特!那么怎样提高呢?
1. Break difficult-to-pronounce English words into parts.
把发音难的单词分成几部分
Long English words might be scary, but if you take a closer look, they can be broken down into parts. These parts are often easier to pronounce and sound more familiar. For example:
长的英文单词可能让我们感到可怕,但是你仔细看看,他们可以被分成几部分。这些小部分就比较容易发音而且听起来熟悉一点。例如:
• Wholesome = whole + some
• Antiestablishment = anti + establish + ment
• Psychotherapy = psycho + therapy
All you need to do is to practice pronouncing these separately and then put them back together. The trick is that you already know how to pronounce the long word because you know how to pronounce parts of it!
你要做的就是分别练习这些发音然后把它们组合到一起。秘诀就在于知道各部分的发音,你就知道了整体的发音!
2. Practice letter combinations that are giving you trouble.
练习使你感到困难的字母组合
When a long word includes a letter combo that you cannot pronounce, you will stumble. One way to improve is to get into the habit of practicing these letter combinations separately.
当一个长的单词里包括一个你不会发音的字母组合,你说话的时候就会结巴。克服这个问题的好办法就是养成分别练习这些字母组合的好习惯。
 For example, beautiful is hard to say because of its many vowels:  b-eau-t-i-f-u-l. It may feel like a tongue twister. So you should focus on the /u/ sound in the middle and say it as many times as you need.
例如,beautiful的发音就比较难,因为它有许多元音: b-eau-t-i-f-u-l。这听起来像一个绕口令。你应该关注这个单词中间/u/的发音,你要发很多次这个音。
 Another example is the th combo that often gets pronounced like a t. Saying the may be easy, but saying thorough is tough. Your tongue needs to adjust to this peculiar th combination.
另一个例子就是th字母组合,它的发音和字母t的发音很像。发the的音可能会比较容易,但是发thorough的音就难了。你的发音需要调整以适合字母组合th的发音。
Any sound or letter pair could give you trouble. The key is to recognize them and give yourself a little time to get used to them.
任何发音或者是字母组合都可能会让你觉得困难。关键就在于你需要辨认出它们并且给自己一点时间去适应它们。
3. Repeat difficult words out loud. Then repeat again.
不断大声朗读难的单词
To improve the likelihood of pronouncing English words correctly, you need to say them out loud many times. Choose a few words to focus on at a time and repeat them slowly as many times as you need.
提高正确发音的可能性,你需要大声朗读它们很多次。一次选几个单词,然后尽可能多地慢慢重复朗读它们。
Repeating words out loud to yourself is also important in order to get used to hearing yourself say them. It may not sound right at first, but soon you will get accustomed to even the most difficult English words. Practice is the only thing that helps.
为了习惯听你自己去朗读发音,不断地对自己大声重复很重要。一开始听起来可能并不对,但是不久之后你就会习惯它们甚至是更难的英文单词。练习是唯一能够帮助你的方法。
4. Use Google Translate Listen for unknown words.
使用谷歌翻译里的发音来听不认识的单词。
When it comes to words you do not recognize at all, Google Translate is your best friend! Even if you do not need the word translated, type it into the Google Translate box on the left. You will see a sound sign appear at the bottom, along with a microphone and a keyboard sign. Hit the sound sign and you will hear the automatic voice say the word for you.
每当遇到你不认识的单词,谷歌翻译就是你最好的朋友!即使你不需要把这个单词翻译过来,把它打到谷歌翻译界面的左侧,你就会从界面的底部看到发音的标志,麦克风以及键盘的标志。
This feature is called Listen and it is invaluable to English learners. Google Translate Listen isn’t always the greatest when it comes to other languages, but it gets English right every time. (Note: The software that pronounces words does so with a standard American accent.)
这个特性就是听,这对英语学习者很有效。当涉及到其他语言,谷歌翻译中的发音不总是最好的,但是它的英语发音绝对是正确的。
5. Listen to how others pronounce unfamiliar words.
听其他人是怎样对不熟悉的单词进行发音的
If you have no idea how to pronounce a certain word, but there is a chance that someone else might say it in conversation, listen very carefully to them. In fact, listening carefully is guaranteed to help you improve your English comprehension and speaking skills.
如果你不确定某一个单词如何发音,但是你有机会听到别人是如何让发音的,那就认真听。事实上,认真听是提高英语理解能力和交流能力的保障。
Once you hear the word said out loud, do not be afraid to repeat after them.
每当你听到一个单词被大声的朗读出来的时候,不要害怕,跟着读。
6. If you do not know how to pronounce something, take a guess!
如果你不知道怎样去发某个音,猜一下!
Have you ever been in a situation where you just had to say something, but you had no idea how to pronounce it? It is common! You could be asked to read something in class. Maybe you need to ask for directions to a place.
你是否曾身处于这样的环境里?你不得不说些什么,但是却不知道如何发音。这很普遍。例如,被要求在全班面前读点什么,或者要问路的时候。
It can be an uncomfortable situation, for sure. Be brave and take a guess! If you pronounce it wrong, someone is likely to correct you. If not, you can always make a note of that word and practice it later in private. This is how you keep improving.
当然这是一个让人有点尴尬的窘境。勇敢点,去尝试!如果你发错音了,会有人来纠正你。如果没有,你可以把这个词记录下来,然后私下里不断地练习。这就是不断提高之路。
7. Enunciate.
清晰的发音
Enunciating means pronouncing your words clearly and articulately with the intention of being understood by your audience. Enunciation plays the most important role in being a successful English speaker despite what your accent may be (more on your accent below!).
Enunciate 意为为了使你的听众理解你所说的话而进行清楚的发音。不管你的语音面貌如何,清楚的发音在成为一个优秀英语演讲者的过程中扮演着重要的角色。
Sometimes even native English speakers don’t enunciate enough. It takes a bit of practice.  Not rushing will help you speak naturally.
有时候,甚至是一个以英语为母语的人都无法进行清楚的发音。这需要大量的练习。不慌忙沉稳的发音会帮助你自然的交流。
8. Stop worrying about your accent!
不要再担心你的口音!
Quite possibly the most important tip for improving your spoken English is to stop thinking about your accent! Everyone has one. Even native speakers have one! Regional English accents are a real thing, not to mention the differences between American, British, Australian, South African English and many others.
提高英语口语最重要的一个方法就是不要在担心你的口音!每个人都有口音。甚至是母语使用者!地域性的口音是真实存在的,更不用说美式英语,英式英语,澳大利亚英语,南非英语以及其他语言之间发音的差异。
You may mispronounce something. You may stumble. It makes no difference and no one minds. As long as you follow tip seven and enunciate, you will be absolutely fine! Your accent will become more and more English the more you improve, and you can only improve by speaking more, so just go for it.
你可能把某个事物的读音发错了。你可能是结巴了。这都不重要,没有人在意。只要你按照第七条清楚的发音,你的口音绝对会得到改善的。你提高的越多,你的口音就会变得越来越英语话化。你只能通过多说来提高,所以,行动吧!
Tips for Improving Written English
提高英语写作的小妙招
Speaking English may be the most difficult for English students, but focusing on improving writing is no less important. Here is what you can do regardless of your language level!
口语可能对于学习英语的学生来说是最困难的,但是提高英语写作也很重要。不管你的语言水平怎么样,你都可以通过以下几招来提高英语写作。
9. Refresh your grammar periodically.
定期复习语法
Unfortunately, English grammar rules are just like any other knowledge you obtain: if you do not refresh that knowledge from time to time, you forget it. If you write in English often, many grammar rules are always in your head. This is completely normal! All you need to do is to go back to your preferred grammar textbook and flip through it every two weeks or every month.
不幸的是,英语语法就像你学到的其他知识一样:如果你不定期进行复习,你就会忘记。如果你经常用英语书写,那么许多语法规则就会浮现在你的脑海里。这完全正常!你需要做的就是重新拿回你喜欢的语法书,每隔两周或者每个月都浏览浏览。
Unlike English vocabulary or slang, English grammar rules do not change. This makes it so much easier for you to improve your grasp of grammar gradually and to improve the quality of your English writing in general.
与词汇和俚语不同,语法规则不会改变。这样你逐渐地掌握语法就会变得容易,提升英语写作水平也会不再困难。
10. Study your past writing to identify common errors.
重温以前的写作来找出常见的错误
If you are unsure what kind of grammar rules you need to look at, check your past writing. It could be your English homework, essays that you wrote, letters or messages to your friends.
如果你不确定你需要看什么语法,那就检查你以前的写作,可以是你写的文章,也可以是你给朋友写的信件或者发的消息。
Pretend that you are someone else reading this work and look for grammar mistakes and errors. You will likely find at least some. Correct the errors and identify the corresponding grammar rule. Very likely you will not make the same mistake again no matter what you write!
假装你是别人来读这篇文章,找语法错误。你至少会找到一些错误。改正语法错误,辨认出相应的语法规则。不管你接下来写什么你都不会在犯同样的错误!
11. Practice writing in English every day, the fun way!
每天都练习写作,很有趣!
Think of all the fun technology and mobile apps that allow you to stay connected to your friends and family. Why not use emailing, messaging, texting to improve your written English?
想想那些有趣的科技发明和那些使你与朋友以及家人联系用的APP。为什么不用邮件,消息,以及短信来提高你的写作水平呢
The way to improve with technology is to practice, practice, practice. Focus on the short and fun stuff that it allows you to do:
用科技发明来提高的办法就是练习,练习,再练习。把注意力集中在那些短小有趣,且能够加以练习的素材上:
• email your English-speaking friends
给你说英语的朋友发邮件
• send a text or two to your closest friends in English
用英语给你亲密的朋友发消息
• tweet in English
用英语推文
• ask for feedback on your work if you want, or review what you wrote after a few days (like in Tip 10) to work on your grammar by yourself
如果你想的话,你可以进行回顾重温语法几天之后写过的文章。
You will not even notice that you are getting regular writing practice!
你甚至都不会注意到你正在进行有规律的写作训练!
12. Do not give up on handwriting!
不要放弃书法!
Yes, all this technology that we have access to these days is amazing! Its advantage—being able to send a message of any length very quickly—is also its downside. Many people just do not write anything in their own hand anymore. It is unfortunate: handwriting has a lot of benefits!
的确,我们现在所接触的科技都让人无比惊喜!他的优点就是——能够快速地发任何长度的消息——也能够快速地接收任何长度地消息。许多人都不再亲手写任何东西。不幸的是:书法的益处很多!
Writing something by hand improves the amount of information you recall, helps you be more creative, spell better and memorize difficult things more easily. So use it!
手写些东西能够提高记忆信息的数量,帮助提高创造力,提高拼写以及用简易的办法记忆难的东西。因此,动笔写作吧!
Write handwritten notes to your friends. Make a habit out of writing something in greeting cards (in English, of course). Take notes in class by writing them down instead of typing on your laptop. It is a great exercise that you can do anywhere at any time.
给你的朋友写手写的便条吧。养成在在贺卡上写(用英语)祝福语的习惯。在课上做笔记而不是在笔记本电脑上打字。如果你在任何时候任何地点都能够这样做,那将是一种好的锻炼。
13. Read in English.
用英语进行阅读
Reading to improve writing? Really?
阅读提高写作,是真的吗?
As Oscar Wilde once wrote, “Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.” It is also one of the great ways to improve your language skills. Read as much as you can and pay attention while you read!
奥斯卡·王尔德曾经说过,“‘模仿’是最诚挚的‘奉承’”。阅读也是提高语言技能最好的一种办法。尽可能多地去阅读并且集中注意力地去读。
Choose English authors whose writing style you like and notice how they write. You can learn a lot by analyzing sentence structure, word choices, even the length of paragraphs. Do not be afraid to imitate what you observe in your own writing.
选择一些写作风格吸引你的英文作者,去读他们的作品并且注意他们是怎样进行写作的。通过分析句子结构,选词用词甚至是段落的长度,你都会学到很多。不要害怕在自己的文章中模仿写下你所学到的东西。
Tips for Improving English Listening Comprehension
提高英语听力的小妙招
Listening as a language skill is hard. It is almost as hard as speaking. In fact, listening is one of the key skills to improve your speaking. When you understand what is being said around you, you can contribute to the conversation better. There are many ways you can improve your English comprehension!
作为一项语言技能,听很难掌握。它几乎和说一样难。事实上,听是提高说的一项重要技巧。当你能够理解身边人都说了些什么,你就能够更好地把注意力集中在说上面。这里将列出很多提高英语听力的小妙招。
14. Watch English programs weekly.
每周观看英语节目
Choose at least one audio or video program in English to watch or listen to every week. It should be at least one hour long to give you a good amount of practice. Doing it weekly is perfect because you will be able to find time for it and not feel overwhelmed by it at the same time.
每周选择至少一个英文的电视节目去看,或者选择一个英文广播去听。节目的时长最少是一个小时,这样会有足够的时间进行练习。最好每周练习一次,这样你会找到最合适的练习时间同时也不会压力过大。
It does not matter what you watch or listen to. It could be a movie, a documentary, a lecture or even an online course. All that matters is that you are getting exposure to English speech and learning to improve your understanding of it, step by step!
你看什么或者听什么并不重要。可以是电影,纪录片,演讲,甚至可以是在线课程。重要的是你在一个英文的环境中,并且逐步地学会理解素材。
15. Play English programs.
播放英文节目
It may sound silly to suggest to have a TV on when you work or study, but the idea is this: when you hear background noises in English without actively paying attention to them, you are actually learning to be comfortable with them. You may not understand what is being said, and you do not have to. What you are doing is training your ears to easily tune into English conversations when you need. Your brain still processes background chatter even when you are busy doing something else.
工作或者学习的时候开着电视听起来似乎很愚蠢,但是原理是这样的:当你播放英文而不去注意他们的时候,事实上你是以一种更加舒服的方式去听英文。你可能没听懂电视在播放什么,你也不必听懂。你要做的就是,必要时训练你的耳朵适应英文交流,即使你在忙着做其他的事情,你的大脑还处于英文的状态之下。
English news channels work best for this kind of exercise. You can also switch on English radio!
英语新闻频道最适合这种练习,你也可以打开英文的收音机!
16. Work on expanding your vocabulary.
努力扩大词汇量
Improving English comprehension goes hand in hand with expanding your vocabulary. The more words you know, the easier you will be able to understand what is being said around you! Expanding your vocabulary will also assist with improving the quality of your pronunciation.
提高英文听力理解与扩大词汇量是同步的。你认识越多的单词,你就越能理解你周围的人都在说些什么!扩大词汇量也能够帮助提高发音的质量。
The easiest way to expand your vocabulary is to take note of the unfamiliar words you encounter (meet) and to work with them when you have the time. You can:
扩大词汇量最简单的办法就是把你不会的单词做好笔记,当你有时间的时候就进行记忆:
• translate them
翻译
• pronounce them out loud
大声读
• put them in context
放置到具体语境
• make sentences with them
造句
You can also make vocabulary cards to go back to the new words in the future!
以后你也可以做词汇卡片来学习新单词。
17. Practice with strangers!
跟陌生人练习!
Since your goal is to improve English comprehension, it is very important that you practice with people you do not know as often as you can. Listening to your English teacher or your English friends is great, for sure. However, you are probably very used to the way they speak already. You are used to their accents!
你要提高英文听力,和你不熟悉的人一起练习很重要。当然,听你的英语老师和同学们说很棒。但是,你可能已经习惯了他们说话的方式以及他们的语音语调!
To improve, you need to listen to strangers whose accents are unfamiliar to you, whose pace of speech may be very fast or very slow. Generally speaking, you can get that kind of practice by only following tip 14, but it is no substitute for face-to-face conversations.
要想提高,你必须听陌生人说,他们的语音语调你并不熟悉,他们的语速或快或慢。一般来说,你可以通过第14条建议进行练习,但是这终究无法替代面对面的对话练习。
Local English conversation circles and meetups are great for this. College lectures in English could also be very helpful. You may also consider attending events in English schools other than yours to get English conversation exposure in a beginner-friendly environment.
地道的英文交流和见面聊天对于这种练习无疑是最好的。大学的英文课也很有益。你可以考虑在英文学校里参加一些活动,而不是在初学英语的小圈子里进行对话。
总之,提高英语是一个长期的过程,作为一名学生,你知道这有多难。但是,你不必一直为这件事而丢掉娱乐的时间。通过遵循以上我们列出的几条建议,你不久就会在听,说,写各个方面发现自己的提高。
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