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英语语法—从句—状语从句
更新:2011-08-05 16:15 作者:jessica 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

1. 状语从句在句子中起状语作用的从句叫做状语从句。状语从句由从属连词引导。状语从句可分为:

时间状语从句:

When Susan goes to town, she will visit her grandma.

苏珊每次进程,总要去看望她奶奶。

地点状语从句:

I will go where I am needed. 哪里需要我,我就到哪里去。

方式状语从句:

I have changed it as you suggest. 我已经按照你的建议作了改变。

原因状语从句:

Mary didn’t go shopping because I advised her not to.

玛丽没有去购物,因为我劝她不要去。

目的状语从句:

They worked hard in order that they might succeed.

他们努力工作,以便能够获得成功。

结果状语从句:

Waste must be treated so that it does not become a danger to life.

废物必须进行处理,这样它才不会成为危害生命的东西。

条件状语从句:

If he works hard, he will surely succeed. 如果努力工作,他肯定会成功。

让步状语从句:

Though we are all different, we need never be separate.

比较状语从句:

I was happier than I had ever been in my life. 这是我一生中最快乐的时光。

2. 时间状语从句:after

时间状语从句由下列连词引导:After, as, before, once, since, till, until, when, whenever, while, as soon as

Let's wait till the rain stops. 咱们等到雨停再说吧。

Once the train is moving, there's no way to stop it.

火车一旦开动就没办法让它停下来。

They were scolded whenever they were late for school. 每次他们上学迟到都挨骂。

3. 时间状语从句:the moment

有一些表示时间的名词短语也可用来引导时间状语从句:The minute, the moment, every time, the first time

The moment he reached the country, he started his search.

他一到达这个国家,就开始他的探寻工作。

Every time I saw the straw hat, it reminded me of the tour I made years before.

每当我看到那顶草帽,它就使我想起几年前的那次旅游。

I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her。

我第一次见到她就觉得她诚实而友善。

4. 时间状语从句:directly

有一些表示时间的副词也可用来引导时间状语从句:

Directly the master came in, everyone was quiet. 校长一进来, 大家就安静下来。

The young lady rushed into the room immediately she heard the noise.

那位年轻女士一听到响声就冲进房间。

5. 时间状语从句:as的用法

1).某事一发生,另一事立即发生

As the sun rose the frog dispersed. 太阳一出来雾就消散。

They strolled into the garden as the music ceased. 音乐声一停,他们就走进花园。

2).在某事发生的过程中另一事发生

I heard the murmur of their voices as I crossed the hall. 我走过大厅的时候听到他们在嘀咕什么。(两个动作都是一般时态)

Just as he was speaking there was a loud explosion. 正当他在说话的时候,一声巨响。

(从句用进行时态)

3).两个动作同时发生

He smiled as he passed. 他路过的时候笑了一下。(两个都是短暂动作)

As she sang, the tears ran down her cheeks. 她一边唱歌,眼泪一边从脸颊淌下。

Helen heard the story as she washed. 海伦一边洗衣服一边听故事。

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