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新概念英语第一册补充材料_语音、语法、习语及情景对话练习册4
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UNIT TWENTY-ONE

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

否定疑问句的功能及使用

Can't you come with me? Sorry, I'm very busy now.

Won't you have some apples? Yes, I'd love to. Aren't you lucky?

Isn't it a beautiful day? Yes, it is.

Don't you tell him she is at home?

 

II.经典口语习语、词组、谚语 (PHRASES / DIOMS / ROVERBS)

 

● blind date

● pie in the sky

● last thing / personplace

● down-to-earth

● Where there's a will, there's a way.

● Never trouble troubles until troubles trouble you.

● Practice makes perfect.

 

III.地道情景表达 (SITUATIONAL EXPRESSIONS)

 

表达喜好 Like and Dislike:

Like:

— What's your favorite ...?

— What do you like best?

— I like ... best. / I love ... / I'm pleased with ...

— I feel like doing ... / I would like / love to ...

— What I most enjoy is ...

— I'm fond of ... / I'm crazy about ...

— There's nothing I enjoy more than ...

 

Dislike:

— I don't like ... at all.

— I'm afraid I'd rather do ... / I don't like ...

— I don't care for ...

— I can't stand / put up with ...

— I hate ...

 

UNIT TWENTY-TWO

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

The usage of the "have"

have a cigarette have a glass of whisky have roast beef

have lunch have dinner have a holiday

be having has / had have had

 

II.精编测试题 (EXERCISES)

 

i. Fill in the blanks with the verbs:

1. What ________ they ________ (do) tomorrow?

2. He ________ (clean) the room last night.

3. I ________ already ________ (have) my holiday.

4. — Where is Jim? — He ________ (have) a bath.

5. I ________ (have) dinner at 6p.m.

6. She usually ________ (take) the medicine after dinner.

7. We ________ (not, enjoy) ourselves at they party.

8. The doctor ________ (be, not) there now, because he ________ (have) his holiday two weeks ago.

9. The sun ________ (go) around the earth.

10. They ________ (speak) French when I saw him last time.

 

ii. Change the forms of the following sentences:

1. Put your hand in my pocket.(变为否定句)

2. Let's go to the classroom.

3. I had breakfast at 7:30a.m.

4. She has a nice suitcase.

5. He is going to see me next week.

6. Mr. Jones / buy / car / last month(陈述句)

7. She / the dairy / now(否定句)

8. They / always / have lunch / noon(一般疑问句)

9. He / read / book / yesterday / slow(陈述句)

 

iii. Translation:

1.对不起,您预约了吗?

2.我觉得很难受,我的牙痛极了。

3.他对伦敦不熟悉,所以上星期他迷路了。

4.他们拿出一支笔。 / 他们从口袋里拿出一支笔。

5.今天她将打电话给你。

 

UNIT TWENTY-THREE

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

telephone (telephoned) try (tried) buy (bought)

have (had) be (been) see (seen) leave (left)

I have read the book / I haven't read the book.

I have stayed here for about two months.

She has gone to my hometown.

They have never been to the Great Wall.

现在完成时常与以下时间词连用:already, yet, never, before, for, since.

 

II.经典口语习语、词组、谚语 (PHRASES / IDIOMS / PROVERBS)

 

● dream-boat

● Romeo / Juliet

● brown-noser

● sell like hot cakes

● Let sleeping dogs lie.

● It is never too late to learn.

● Where there is life there is hope.

 

III.地道情景表达 (SITUATIONAL EXPRESSIONS)

 

购物 SHOPPING

— What can I do for you, madam?

— How do you like this one? / What about ...?

— I'm looking for ... / I'm thinking of buying ...

— What do you want to buy for your wife?

— What size? / What color? Size five. / Green.

— Theseare in fashion this year. Don't you want a try?

— I prefer the blue one to the red one. /

— I like ... better. — It looks good. Can I try it on? Where's the fitting room?

— It suits you. / Perfect!

— Come on. You are kidding. I'm no longer in my twenties.

— Oh, it's a pity. It looks beautiful, but it doesn't fit me.

— You can have a ..% discount.

— That's great. The price is reasonable.

— I'll take them. Can you pack them together for me?

— Comes ... Yuan in all.

 

UNIT TWENTY-FOUR

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

shall, will / shan't, won't

I shall go to Paris tomorrow morning.

He will fly to Rome in two days' time.

Will you visit the palace the day after tomorrow?

No, I shan't visit it. I shall visit a museum.

 

had better / 'd better

I had better finish my homework first.

You'd better zip your mouth.

 

II.精编测试题 (EXERCISES)

 

i. Fill in the blanks with the right verb forms.

1. George likes to go to the country. He ________ (buy) a ticket. He ________ (buy) it yesterday afternoon. And tomorrow he ________ (arrive) at his mother's. Then he can ________ (have) a good rest.

2. When________ the train________ (arrive)? — In five hours.

3. How long________ you________ (be) here? — For three hours.

4. What time________ the last train________ (arrive)?

5. Mr. Hill ________ (stay) at home every weekend.

6. Let him________ (go). I________ (not, want) to see him again.

7. At the moment, she________ (fly) to London.

8. You'd better ________ (have) a bath before going out.

9. ________ he________ (move) to a new house yet?

10. We________ (have) roast beef and potatoes for lunch.

 

ii. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:

1. I'm________ that the doctor is very busy now.

2. Have you any shoes ________ these?

3. Those were________ fashion last year.

4. She is ________. she always works ________. (lazy)

5. Can you get a pair ________ me?

6. He went to a party. He had________ ________ time there.

7. What's ________ in that cinema?

8. Have you________ to the Great Wall? — No, never.

9. I saw the film________ television.

10. Let's go around and have a look________ the pictures on the wall.

 

UNIT TWENTY-FIVE

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

my / your / her / his / its / our / your / their

mine / yours / hers / his / its / ours / yours / theirs

myself / yourself / herself / himself / itself

ourselves / yourselves / themselves

 

That book belongs to me. It's my book. It's mine. I bought it myself last week.

Her pen belongs to her. It's hers.

Come to my birthday party and enjoy yourselves.

This morning, my father shaved himself and cut himself.

Luckily, they didn't hurt themselves in the traffic accident.

 

II.经典口语习语、词组、谚语 (PHRASES / IDIOMS / PROVERBS)

 

● as like as two peas (beans)

● cat nap

● carry out / fast food

● in a jam

● in hot water

● wet blanket

● raise the roof

● Pain past is pleasure.

 

III.经典口语习语、词组、谚语 (PHRASES / IDIOMS / PROVERBS)

 

寻求帮助 ASKING FOR HELP

— Can / Couldyou help me? / Give mea hand, please.

— Can you lend me your hand? I need your help.

— Do / Would you mind doing... for me?

— Doyou mind if I do ...?

— Do me a favor, please. / Would you do me a favor to do ...?

— Would you please do ...?

— I hate to say, but I was wondering if I could ...?

— I should be grateful if you could ...?

— Would you be so kind to do ...?

 

提供帮助 OFFERINGTHE HELP

— What can I do for you? / Can I help you?

— If you need my help, just call me please.

— It's my honor to be your servant.

 

UNIT TWENTY-SIX

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

Comparative degree / Superlative degree (I):

small-smaller-smallest

old-older-oldest (elder / eldest)

lucky-luckier-luckiest

lazy-lazier-laziest

young-younger-youngest

fat-fatter-fattest

thin-thinner-thinnest

 

II.经典口语习语、词组、谚语 (PHRASES / IDIOMS / PROVERBS)

 

● be on cloud nine

● hit the ceiling

● hot seat

● More haste, less speed.

● Money makes the mare go.

● Let bygones be bygones.

 

III.地道情景表达 (SITUATIONAL EXPRESSIONS)

 

征求许可 ASKING FOR PERMISSION:

— Would you / Do you mind if I (did / do ...)?

— May / Can I possibly do ...?

— Do you think it would be possible for me to ...?

— Is it OK if I ...?

— I hope you didn't mind my asking, but ...

— Please let me ...

— I wonder if I could ...

— May I have your permission to ...?

— Do you think I could ...?

ANSWERING:

(agreement): — Yes, certainly / of course.

— Of course not. Go ahead.

— That's fine. Why not?

(disagreement): — I'm afraid you can't ...

— I'd like to, but ...

— No way. / Sorry.

 

UNIT TWENTY-SEVEN

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

GRAMMAR: INDIRECT SPEECH (I)

直接引用说话人原句的称之为直接引语。反之,采取转述方式的称之为间接引语。转述时要注意人称,时态,以及状语等。例如:

He says: "I'm a typist." → He says he is a typist.

They say: "We are playing football." → They say they are playing football.

She says to me: "You need a haircut." → She says that I need a haircut.

My teacher says: "I can sing and dance." → My teacher says he can sing and dance.

He says: "I went to the butcher's." → He says he went to the butcher's.

I tell him to bring that book here. → I tell him not to bring that book here.

 

II.精编测试题 (EXERCISES)

 

● Change the direct speech into indirect speech:

1. I will fly to Beijing. (the old man says)

2. My son is doing his homework. (Mrs. Jones says)

3. He can paint the room pink. (Jane says)

4. She wanted to swim across the river. (they say)

5. I am afraid I have got only little money. (He says)

6. We have read these books. (they say)

 

● Change the indirect speech into direct speech:

1. My friend says she likes coffee.

2. Mr. Bird says he missed his daughter very much.

3. They say they need a good rest.

4. I say you can wait for the bus at the bus stop.

5. He says he fells tired and thirsty.

6. She says she was glad to help me.

7. He says he doesn't think he can finish the job by himself.

 

● Translate the following sentences:

1.我一直是个好学生。

2.那些人什么时候搬进新房子的?

3.那些人什么时候搬进新房子?

4.再下个星期我们将回到北京。

5.他们刚错过那班火车。下班车什么时候?

6.我的朋友把他的护照丢了。

7.我的朋友把他的护照丢在桌子上了。

 

UNIT TWENTY-EIGHT

 

I.语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

Positive degree / Comparative degree / Superlative degree (II):

little— less — least many / much— more— most

good— better — best

bad— worse— worst far — farther / further — farthest / furthest

difficult — more difficult — the most difficult

less difficult — theleast difficult

 

This coat is as nice as that one.

This coat is not as / so nice as that one.

She is taller than I / me.

She is the tallest in our class.

 

II.精编测试题 (EXERCISES)

 

● Write the different degrees of the words given:

small young wide few nice happy early

fat big thin hot good much old

interesting important clever

 

● Fill in the blanks with the right forms of the words:

1. You've made________ (many) mistakes than Jim.

2. Her car is ________(new) than mine.

3. My boxes are________(big) of all.

4. That film is ________ (good).

5. I've got ________ (little) ink than you, but I've got ________ (many) pens than you.

6. I can give you________ (some) butter than before.

7. John is ________ (clever) than Bob. Bob is ________ (clever) than Tom. Tom is not as ________ (clever) as John. John is ________ (clever) of the three.

8. This first story is ________ (interesting) than the second one. The third story is ________ (interesting) than the first. And the fourth is ________ (interesting) than the second. So the fourth is ________ (interesting) of all.

9. The Sahara is ________(big) desert(沙漠)in the world.

 

● Fill in the blanks:

1. It's a fine day, ________?

2. She has been to the Great Wall, ________?

3. The woman says that she________ ill last week.

4. Those people didn't come from France, ________?

5. The boss told Miss Jones ________ (type) a letter for him.

6. I want to talk________ you.

 

UNIT TWENTY-NINE

 

I. 语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

Every, no, any, some

-one / -body 不定代词,指人。基本意义相同。

-thing 不定代词,指事物。作为单数看。

-where 副词,指地点,一般作状语。

no= not any none

 

So+ 非实义动词 + 主语 用于肯定句。

Neither + 非实义动词 + 主语 用于否定句。

They are teachers. So am I. / They aren't teachers. Neither am I.

Jim likes bananas. So do I. / Jim doesn't like bananas. Neither do I.

You can fly a kite. So can I. / You can't fly a kite. Neither can I.

 

II. 精编测试题 (EXERCISES)

 

● Fill in the blanks:

1. Look, ________ is swimming in the river.

2. You always put your books ________. You'd better put them away.

3. I think you will get ________ from him, because he dislike you.

4. ________ of us can fly like a bird.

5. ________ should love his country.

6. Does ________ of you know the story?

7. I haven't ________ to say.

8. Is there ________ at home?

● Fill in the blanks with prepositions:

1. I like the record-player ________ that shop.

2. I can buy the car ________ instalments.

3. You must get ________ the bus, for you've not any money.

4. We went out for a picnic ________ Jane. She was ill in bed.

5. Betty invited me ________ dinner

6. I left my key ________ the drawer.

7. I believed that these houses are ________ sale.

8. He has lived here ________ ten years.

9. It rained all the time just ________ London.

10. You'd better come here ________ spring.

 

UNIT THIRTY

 

I. 语法 (GRAMMAR)

 

Past Progressive Tense / Past Perfective Tense:

(was / were doing) (had done)

I was having lessons when you called me.

They were having a party yesterday evening.

— What were you doing at that time? — We were dancing.

It was raining all night.

While I was reading, my mother was cooking.

 

By ten o'clock, I had finished my homework.

After we had finished the job, we could go out for a walk.

She had left before I arrived there.

They said they had found the lost boy.

 

II. 地道情景表达 (SITUATIONAL EXPRESSIONS)

 

问路 (Asking way and direction)

— Excuse me, Do you know the way to ...?

— Iwant to go to ... Where is it? — Which is the way to ...

— Can you tell me how can I get to ... / how to ...

— Would you please show me the way? — Can you direct me to ...

— Is this the way to ...

 

Follow your nose and you'll find the station.

Go along / down / ahead until you reach....

Turn left / right at the first turning / crossing.

Take the first turning on your right.

When you see the traffic lights, turn left.

 

Keep going before you come to...

It's just across the street / around the corner / opposite the shop / next to the school.

You will have to get off at ... stop.

Is it far from here? How far is it?

It's only about ... far (away).

It's not very far. You can walk within ... minutes. It's about five minutes' walk.

You can take No.3 bus to get there.

It will take you half an hour to get there by bike.
 

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