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初中英语:中学英语常用的九个介词
更新:2012-03-31 18:50 作者:davad 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

一、at

1.动词+ at.

at表示“指向某一目标,到达某地”:arrive at 抵达, call at访问某地,
catch at(it)当场抓住, come at攻击, fire at向……开火, glance at瞟
一眼, glare at 怒目而视, grieve at忧伤,knock at敲, laugh at 嘲笑,
look at 看一眼, pull at拉扯, rejoice at 对……高兴,smile at向某人微
笑, shoot at 朝……射击, stare at 怒目而视, thrust at刺向, tear at
撕, tremble at 颤抖,wonder at 吃惊,work at 工作。

例如:

Don ‘t let me catch you again at it. 不要再让我当场逮住你。

We must “shoot the arrow at the target ”。我们必须有的放矢。

They trembled at the sight of the peasant ‘s spears. 看到农民的梭
标,他们阵阵发抖。

2. be + 形容词/ 过去分词+ at.

其中at表示“情绪、情感的原因,或对某物具有某种感情”:be angry at
恼怒于, be alarmed at对……保持警觉,be astonished at对……吃惊, be
bad at不擅长, be clever at 对某事很灵巧,be delighted at 高兴,be disgusted
at厌恶, be disappointed at 对…失望,be good at擅长, be impatient at
对…不够耐心, be mad at狂热于,be pleased at 对…感到高兴, be present
at出席, be satisfied at满意,be surprised at 吃惊, be shocked at对…
非常震惊,be terrified at 受到…的恐吓,be quick at 对…很机敏。

例如:

They were overjoyed at his return to work.他们对他重返工作感到欣喜。

They are alarmed at the growth of the liberation movement in the colonies.
他们对殖民地日益壮大的解放运动警觉起来。

3. at+名词构成的词组。

at a distance 在一定距离,at a loss 不知所措,at a time 一次,at all
一点也不,at any cost 不惜一切代价,at best 最好也只是,at first起初,
at hand 手头,at heart在内心里,at home 在家;无拘束,at last 最后,at
least 至少,at most 最多,at once 马上,at present目前,at sea不知所措,
at times有时,at will 任意地,at work 起作用,at worst最坏。

4.其它含有at的短语。

work hard at勤奋工作,drop in at顺路拜访。

二、to

1.动词+to

a )动词+ to.

介词to意为“达到,指向”等:adjust to 适应, attend to处理;照料,
agree to赞同, amount to加起来达…,belong to 属于, come to达到, drink
to为…干杯,get to到达, happen to发生在某人身上, hold to紧握, lead
to通向, listen to听, occur to 想起, object to反对, point to 指向,
respond to回答, refer to 参考;指的是…;涉及, reply to 回答, see to
负责,stick to坚持, turn to求助, write to 给某人写信。

例如:

She must learn to adjust herself to English life. 她必须学会适应英
国的生活。

Business has to be attended to. 有事要办。

An idea occurred to me. 我想出一个办法。

b )动词(+sth. )+to+sb. 。

下列动词不能直接带间接宾语sb. ,要接间接宾语时须在动词后加介词to:
announce to 通知某人, describe to向某人描述, explain to 向某人解释,

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