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初中英语语法分类汇总——并列句
更新:2012-03-31 18:46 作者:davad 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

由并列连词连接、含有两个或更多主谓结构的句子叫并列句。

一、表示转折对比关系的并列连词

1. but但是,可是,而,却

连接两个简单句,有时句中某些词可以省略;连接两个并列成分,可以放在
一个句子的句首,后面不接逗号。

例:I hope you don't mind me asking , but where did you buy those
shoes ?

2. yet但是;尽管如此

可连接两个句子,用逗号分开,也可在yet 前加and ,还可以放在一个句子
的句首。

例:The car is old, yet it is in good condition. 这辆车旧了,但车
况很好。

3. while而,但是,可是,却

while 作连词用时,可表示对比或转折关系。

例:I do every single bit of housework while my husband Bob just does
the dishes now and then.

二、表示因果关系的并列连词

1. for因为

由并列连词for 引导的分句常置于句子后部,而且常用逗号与前面的分句隔
开。for 分句主要是对前一分句补充说明理由或推断原因。for 分句不能用来回
答why 问句。

例:I did my best not to show pleasure, but what I was feeling was
pure happiness, for my words had the power to make people laugh.

2. so 因此

可以连接两个句子,中间有时用逗号隔开;也可在so前加and ;还可以放在
一个句子的句首。

例:The shop doesn't open until 11 a.m. , so it loses a lot of business.

三、表示选择关系的连词or

or连接并列成分时,意为“或者,还是”;用于否定句中,意为“也不”,
这时不宜用and ;还有“否则,要不然”之意,相当于otherwise.

例:Would you like a cup of coffee or shall we get down to business
right away?

四、表示并列关系的并列连词

1. and和,同,与,又,并且

例:Stand over there and you'll be able to see it better.

2. not only …… but also ……不仅……而且

例:Not only I but also Jane and Mary are tired of having one examination
after another.

3. neither…… nor……既不……也不

例:They worked neither for fame nor for personal gains.他们工作一
不为名,二不为利。

4. both …… and……既……又

例:A man should have both courage and wisdom.人既要有勇气又要有智
慧。

五、其他并列连词

1. not…… but……不是……而是

It was not the bones of an animal but of a human being. 这不是一只
动物的骨头,而是人的骨头。

2. rather than而不是;与其……宁愿

Rather than ride on a crowded bus , he always prefers to ride a bicycle.

3. when 正当那时,相当于and at that time

Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park when she
was bitten on the leg by a lion.

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