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完美美式发音两步走
更新:2011-11-14 22:31 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

一 、第一步:元音

1、4个双元音

美语音标最大的区别在于其中的元音,过去学过的元音是单元音,但美语中所学的是双元音

1){e}-{ei}

age, game, day
sentence: More haste, less speed.欲速则不达
第一步把每个音发准
第二步加上声调
练习: It’s pay day today 今天是发工资的日子

2){o}-{ou}结尾停在u

boat, note, so
美语发音的特点:尽量在口腔的后部把音发出来。
sentence: I hope so.
练习:He posed for a group of photo with his old fellows.
注:美语中常常对a和the进行变音,目的是为了强调
eg:
This is the best opportunity we ever have to enter the market.

3) {a}-{ai}

bike, mine, flight
this bike of mine
sentence: All right.
注:all不要卷舌
练习:Out of sight, out of mind 眼不见,心不烦

4) how

out, now about
sentence: Let’ s get out of here.
It’s kind of tough.
It’s kind of torture to read mathematics everyday.
练习: This is out-and-out power politics. 这是彻头彻尾的强权政治

2、2个后元音

1){半圆两点}

发音技巧:尽量往最里吞这个音
not, bottle, hot, job, hospital
sentence: It’s a promise.
练习:little red lorry 红色小卡车

2){u}

good ,book, should
sentence: She’s looking at a good book.
更多例子: new  student  attitude  due
I am for this position.

3、辅音t的发音

writer, letter, better, city,

发音变化一:浊化

浊化原则1:t处在非重读音节要浊化
如:writer, letter, better, city,

浊化原则2:t处在重读音节不能浊化
如:Italian, attack, atomic, Latino, photographer

浊化对比:
Italy, attic(阁楼)
atom(原子), Latin, photograph

发音变化二:t在词组中的发音变化:
练习:pick it up
I got it.
right away

发音变化三:t发音的特殊情况:

当t发的很快,就会变成n的音
internet
interview
interesting
representative

发音变化四:失去爆破
right now, just now

发音变化五:t的音从鼻子里出来(美音,英音都有的一种特殊情况)
Britain, mountain, fountain 

4、r的发音

1)r在单词中的发音

练习: Rolly rolled a round roll around the road.
spare, burglar, dirty, porch, more

2)r带动后面元音的发音

world  girl  pearl
The girls are the pearls in the world.

原则:只有字母r存在才能卷舌
经常发错的音:China, America, idea

二、美语中的变音现象

1、 连读

1) 相同辅音的连读

bad dog  注意:不可以把音节给吞掉,只是这个音节不发音
like candy 
ripe pear
some money
The report turned out to be totally false.这份报告完全是一派胡言。

2) 辅音+元音

It’s easy. Where’s our car? Come on in. What time is it now?
Figure it out. for example

中高级口译中常常出现的连读词汇: of all ages
crude oil
a couple of

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